Category Archives: Otto Hanser

Crushing Law and Soothing Gospel from 1888

C.J. Otto Hanser was the long-time pastor at Trinity congregation in the Soulard neighborhood in St. Louis, MO. Part of the time he served alongside C.F.W. Walther. He was a prolific submitter of outlines (Dispositionen) to the homiletics magazine of the Missouri Synod. Here is a portion of my translation of his outline for the Fourth Sunday in Advent. Any errors of translation are mine. DMJ+

Ask yourself: “Who are you actually?” Answer: a man. Excellent, do you believe also what a man is according to God’s Word, namely a sinner, an enemy of God, under the curse of the law, a child of the devil, a victim of hell and damnation? For we have all turned aside, all men are liars, filled with all unrighteousness. Is your heart scared, do you speak in truth: “God, be merciful to me, a sinner”? Blessed are you, you are properly prepared.

Ask yourself again: “Who are you?” and answer: “A Christian.” Excellent, if it is true. What kind of Christian are you? Are you truly converted, born again, are you in the true faith? Are you ruled by the Holy Spirit or by the flesh? Do you aspire for higher things, or for what is on earth? Do you crucify your flesh, do you renounce the world? Do you surely hope to be saved or are you frightened at the thought of death? Blessed are you if you can answer humbly with John the Baptist: “I am not worthy that I should untie the sandal strap of my Jesus, that I am called according to the name of Christ, because I am such a poor, miserable Christian that I am ashamed of myself. Then you are properly prepared.

Ask yourself further: “Who are you?” Are you a father, mother, son, daughter, master, mistress, manservant, maidservant? What are you all in your station in life? Christian parents, do you lead a Christian household, do you have prayer and God’s Word in the family? Are your Christian children and servants according to the Fourth Commandment obedient or rebellious, humble or arrogant and headstrong? Blessed are you when you answer: “If You, O Lord, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand?” “One could not answer him once in a thousand times.”

John testifies about Christ that He is man, but also God (“preferred before me”); for this purpose He became man, that He Who is the Lamb of God bears the sins of the world; the testimony of Christmas confirms it. You should faithfully embrace this and say: I am a great sinner, but I have a great Savior, for He is God, I fear nothing; I am a weak Christian, but God Himself says:Rejoice,the Savior brings salvation every day, new grace that abundantly, daily, forgives my sins. I deserve death and hell;but on Christmas the heavens over the sinful world have opened up, therefore I shall not die, but live. “Welcome to earth, O noble Guest!” etc. In other words, prepare the way for the Lord.

– Otto Hanser (1832-1910), Outline for a sermon for the Fourth Sunday in Advent (John 1:19-28)

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